Mosaic and Faience Facades
Faience is derived from Faenze, a town in Italy, recognised for glazed pottery production. In the context of architectural ceramics, faience refers to large blocks or slabs that were glazed after an initial firing. Glazes were often opaque, translucent, polychrome or monochrome, flat finish or in relief. When in slab form they could be used as decorative cladding. If a structural block was required, a large block would be hollowed out to reduce the weight but, maintain it’s structural integrity.
The Leeds Fireclay Company, Burmantofts, Leeds were large scale manufacturers of faience. Doulton of Lambeth, London produced carraraware, similar to faience.